Unless otherwise stated the copyright and any other rights in the contents of the material available through this website, including the texts of the books: Charting the Economy, Oxford University Press, 2017, and Striving for Inclusive Development, Oxford University Press, 2019; and Globalization: Perak’s Rise, Relative Decline, and Regeneration, Oxford University Press, 2024, are  owned by Sultan Nazrin Shah. 

Information and data contained may be freely used as long as an appropriate reference is made to: Sultan Nazrin Shah, 2019, Economic History of Malaya. 

Historical photographs contained on this website should not be reproduced without the permission from the National Archives Malaysia.


The Economic History of Malaya Project ("the Project"), with the permission of Sultan Nazrin Shah, maintains this website.

The information on this site is provided for general reference purposes only. Whilst every effort is made to ensure that the site is up to date and accurate, the Project does not warrant, nor does it accept any responsibility or liability for, the accuracy or completeness of the content or for any loss, damage, liability or expense incurred or suffered that is claimed to have resulted from the use or reliance on information contained on this site, including, without limitation, any fault, error, omission, interruption or delay with respect thereto. 

Some materials on this site are those of Project consultants or of experts who have contributed articles and do not necessarily represent the views of Sultan Nazrin Shah. 

Links to other sites are provided for convenience but the Project accepts no responsibility or liability for the content of those sites or of any external site which links to this site.


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